Unc-13 homolog D mediates an antiviral effect of the chromosome 19 microRNA cluster miR-517a.
The function of microRNAs (miRNAs) can be cell autonomous or communicated to other cell types and has been implicated in diverse biological processes. We previously demonstrated that miR-517a-3p (miR-517a), a highly expressed member of the chromosome 19 miRNA cluster (C19MC) that is transcribed almost exclusively in human trophoblasts, attenuates viral replication via induction of autophagy in non-trophoblastic recipient cells. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying these effects remain unknown. Here, we identified unc-13 homolog D (UNC13D) as a direct, autophagy-related gene target of miR-517a, leading to repression of UNC13D. In line with the antiviral activity of miR-517a, silencing UNC13D suppressed replication of vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV), whereas overexpression of UNC13D increased VSV levels, suggesting a role for UNC13D silencing in the antiviral activity of miR-517a. We also found that miR-517a activated NF-κB signaling in HEK-293XL cells expressing TLR8, but the effect was not specific to C19MC miRNA. Taken together, our results define mechanistic pathways that link C19MC miRNA with inhibition of viral replication.
Krawczynski, K; Ouyang, Y; Mouillet, J-F; Chu, T; Coyne, CB; Sadovsky, Y
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