Optimal apodization design for medical ultrasound using constrained least squares part I: theory.
Aperture weighting functions are critical design parameters in the development of ultrasound systems because beam characteristics affect the contrast and point resolution of the final output image. In previous work by our group, we developed a metric that quantifies a broadband imaging system's contrast resolution performance. We now use this metric to formulate a novel general ultrasound beamformer design method. In our algorithm, we use constrained least squares (CLS) techniques and a linear algebra formulation to describe the system point spread function (PSF) as a function of the aperture weightings. In one approach, we minimize the energy of the PSF outside a certain boundary and impose a linear constraint on the aperture weights. In a second approach, we minimize the energy of the PSF outside a certain boundary while imposing a quadratic constraint on the energy of the PSF inside the boundary. We present detailed analysis for an arbitrary ultrasound imaging system and discuss several possible applications of the CLS techniques, such as designing aperture weightings to maximize contrast resolution and improve the system depth of field.
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)