Development and validation of circulating tumor cell (Epic Sciences) enumeration as a prognostic biomarker in men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer.
157 Background: We evaluated the prognostic significance of circulating tumor cell (CTC) number as determined on the Epic Sciences platform in men with metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) treated with an androgen receptor signaling inhibitor (ARSI). Methods: A pre-treatment blood sample was collected from men with progressing mCRPC starting either abiraterone or enzalutamide as a 1st, 2nd or 3rd line systemic therapy at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (Discovery cohort, N=175) or as a 1st and 2nd line therapy as part of the multi-center PROPHECY trial (NCT02269982) (Validation cohort, N=107). Enumeration was performed on the Epic Sciences platform and associated with overall survival (OS) in the Discovery cohort, and progression-free survival (PFS) and OS in the Validation cohort. Matched blood samples from the Validation cohort were to CTC counts measured on the CellSearch Circulating Tumor Cell kit. Results: In the MSKCC Discovery cohort, CTC count was a statistically significant prognostic factor of OS as a dichotomous (< 3 CTCs/mL versus ≥ 3 CTCs/mL; HR = 1.8, (1.3-3.0, 95% CI)) and as a continuous variable when adjusting for line of therapy, presence of visceral metastases, PSA, lactate-dehydrogenase, and alkaline-phosphatase. The findings were validated in an independent dataset (PROPHECY trial) - (HR (95% CI) = 1.8, (1.1-3.0) for OS and 1.7 (1.1-2.9), for PFS). A strong correlation was observed between CTC counts determined in matched samples on the CellSearch and Epic platforms (r = 0.84). Conclusions: The findings validate the prognostic significance of pretreatment CTC number determined on the Epic Sciences platform for predicting OS in men with progressing mCRPC starting an ARSI.
Scher, HI; Armstrong, AJ; Schonhoft, JD; Gill, A; Zhao, J; Barnett, E; Carbone, E; Lu, J; Antonarakis, ES; Luo, J; Tagawa, ST; Yang, Q; George, DJ; Szmulewitz, RZ; Danila, DC; Wenstrup, R; Gonen, M; Halabi, S
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