Additive or Multiplicative? Predicting Academic Outcomes from Self-Regulation and Context.
Many studies have documented the role of self-regulation in predicting academic outcomes. However, fewer have comprehensively measured self-regulation or considered it simultaneously with contextual variables to test formally the often-advanced "risk-buffering" hypothesis, wherein self-regulatory skill protects against contextual risk factors. In a large, regionally representative sample of U.S. adolescents, we linked self-reported demographics, self-regulation, and academic outcomes to Census data assessing neighborhood context and administrative data measuring economic disadvantage and achievement levels on state end-of-grade tests. We find inconsistent evidence for a risk-buffering role of self-regulation in the prediction of academic outcomes. Rather, we demonstrate that self-regulation is independently associated with academic outcomes, even when controlling for demographics and context.
Davisson, EK; Hoyle, RH; Andrade, F
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