Extradural anterior temporal fossa approach to the paranasal sinuses, nasal cavities through the anterolateral and anteromedial triangles: Combined microscopic and endoscopic strategy.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the utility and limitations of the extradural endoscopic-assisted anterior temporal fossa approach to the pterygopalatine fossa (PPF), infratemporal fossa (ITF), paranasal sinuses (PS), parapharyngeal region (PPR), nasal cavities (NC), epipharynx (EP), and clivus. METHODS: A frontotemporal orbitozygomatic craniotomy is performed. The dura is elevated from the cavernous sinus (CS). The anterior temporal fossa floor is drilled. Foramen rotundum and ovale are opened. The PPF is exposed and the lateral margin of inferior orbital fissure (IOF) is removed. The anterolateral triangle (ALT) is drilled and the vidian nerve (VN) is exposed. Drilling between the maxillary nerve (V2) and the VN provides access to the sphenoid sinus (SphS). The medial pterygoid plate is drilled exposing the EP. The maxillary sinus (MaxS) is opened anterior to the PPF. V2 is transposed laterally to enlarge the anteriomedial triangle (AMT). The orbital muscle of Muller is removed as well as the medial margin of the IOF, which opens the SphS. Anteriorly, the posterior ethmoid air cells are opened. Morphometric measurements evaluating the size of the ALT were done and the PS, NC, EP were explored with the endoscope. RESULTS: The ALT and AMT triangle provides a wide exposure of the PPF, ITF, PPR. In addition, those triangles represent a deep entry point to explore the PS, NC, and EP. CONCLUSION: The ALT and AMT are useful corridors to access to the SphS, MaxS, PS, NC, and EP via a transcranial approach. The use of the endoscope through this corridor widely extend the extradural anterior temporal fossa approach which may be considered as a valuable alternative to the extended endoscopic endonasal approach for selected skull base lesions extending both intracranial and into the PS, NC and EP.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Watanabe, K; Passeri, T; Hanakita, S; Giammattei, L; Zomorodi, AR; Fava, A; Abbritti, R; Labidi, M; Champagne, PO; Fukushima, T; Froelich, S

Published Date

  • August 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 163 / 8

Start / End Page

  • 2165 - 2175

PubMed ID

  • 33914166

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 0942-0940

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s00701-021-04850-y


  • eng

Conference Location

  • Austria