Male Circumcision Reduces Penile HPV Incidence and Persistence: A Randomized Controlled Trial in Kenya.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: Male circumcision reduces the risk of human immunodeficiency virus infection in men. We assessed the effect of male circumcision on the incidence and natural history of human papillomavirus (HPV) in a randomized clinical trial in Kisumu, Kenya. METHODS: Sexually active, 18- to 24-year-old men provided penile exfoliated cells for HPV DNA testing every 6 months for 2 years. HPV DNA was detected via GP5+/6+ PCR in glans/coronal sulcus and in shaft samples. HPV incidence and persistence were assessed by intent-to-treat analyses. RESULTS: A total of 2,193 men participated (1,096 randomized to circumcision; 1,097 controls). HPV prevalence was 50% at baseline for both groups and dropped to 23.7% at 24 months in the circumcision group, and 41.0% in control group. Incident infection of any HPV type over 24 months was lower among men in the circumcision group than in the control group [HR = 0.61; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.52-0.72]. Clearance rate of any HPV infection over 24 months was higher in the circumcision group than in the control group (HR = 1.87; 95% CI, 1.49-2.34). Lower HPV point-prevalence, lower HPV incidence, and higher HPV clearance in the circumcision group were observed in glans but not in shaft samples. CONCLUSION: Male circumcision reduced the risk of HPV acquisition and reinfection, and increased HPV clearance in the glans. IMPACT: Providing voluntary, safe, and affordable male circumcision should help reduce HPV infections in men, and consequently, HPV-associated disease in their partners.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Smith, JS; Backes, DM; Hudgens, MG; Mei, W; Chakraborty, H; Rohner, E; Moses, S; Agot, K; Meijer, CJLM; Bailey, RC

Published Date

  • June 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 30 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 1139 - 1148

PubMed ID

  • 33972367

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC8172477

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1538-7755

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-20-1272


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States