Incidence and impact of primary graft dysfunction in adult heart transplant recipients: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Journal Article (Systematic Review;Journal Article)

Purpose

Primary graft dysfunction (PGD) is a leading cause of early mortality after heart transplant (HTx). To identify PGD incidence and impact on mortality, and to elucidate risk factors for PGD, we systematically reviewed studies using the ISHLT 2014 Consensus Report definition and reporting the incidence of PGD in adult HTx recipients.

Methods

We conducted a systematic search in January 2020 including studies reporting the incidence of PGD in adult HTx recipients. We used a random effects model to pool the incidence of PGD among HTx recipients and, for each PGD severity, the mortality rate among those who developed PGD. For prognostic factors evaluated in ≥2 studies, we used random effects meta-analyses to pool the adjusted odds ratios for development of PGD. The GRADE framework informed our certainty in the evidence.

Results

Of 148 publications identified, 36 observational studies proved eligible. With moderate certainty, we observed pooled incidences of 3.5%, 6.6%, 7.7%, and 1.6% and 1-year mortality rates of 15%, 21%, 41%, and 35% for mild, moderate, severe and isolated right ventricular-PGD, respectively. Donor factors (female sex, and undersized), recipient factors (creatinine, and pre-HTx use of amiodarone, and temporary or durable mechanical support), and prolonged ischemic time proved associated with PGD post-HTx.

Conclusion

Our review suggests that the incidence of PGD may be low but its risk of mortality high, increasing with PGD severity. Prognostic factors, including undersized donor, recipient use of amiodarone pre-HTx and recipient creatinine may guide future studies in exploring donor and/or recipient selection and risk mitigation strategies.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Buchan, TA; Moayedi, Y; Truby, LK; Guyatt, G; Posada, JD; Ross, HJ; Khush, KK; Alba, AC; Foroutan, F

Published Date

  • July 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 40 / 7

Start / End Page

  • 642 - 651

PubMed ID

  • 33947602

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1557-3117

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1053-2498

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.healun.2021.03.015

Language

  • eng