Analysis of nasal air conditioning in subjects with unilateral cleft lip nasal deformity.
This study evaluated the impact of unilateral cleft lip nasal deformity (uCLND) on the ability of the nasal passages to warm and humidify inspired environmental air using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling. Nasal air conditioning was simulated at resting inspiration in ten individuals with uCLND and seven individuals with normal anatomy. The overall heat and water transfer through nasal mucosa was significantly greater (p = 0.02 for both heat and moisture fluxes) on the non-cleft side than on the cleft side. Unilateral median and interquartile range (IQR) for heat flux (W/m2) was 190.3 (IQR 59.9) on the non-cleft side, 160.9 (IQR 105.0) on the cleft side, and 170.7 (IQR 87.8) for normal subjects. For moisture flux (mg/(s·m2), they were 357.4 (IQR 112.9), 298.7 (IQR 200.3) and 320.8 (IQR 173.0), respectively. Significant differences of SAHF50 between cleft side of uCLND and normal existed except for anterior region. Nevertheless, air conditioning ability in subjects with uCLND was generally comparable to that of normal subjects.
Li, H; Martin, HL; Marcus, JR; Frank-Ito, DO
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