Controversies in optimal anemia management: conclusions from a Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) Conference.

Conference Paper

In chronic kidney disease, anemia and disordered iron homeostasis are prevalent and associated with significant adverse consequences. In 2012, Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) issued an anemia guideline for managing the diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment of anemia in chronic kidney disease. Since then, new data have accrued from basic research, epidemiological studies, and randomized trials that warrant a re-examination of previous recommendations. Therefore, in 2019, KDIGO decided to convene 2 Controversies Conferences to review the latest evidence, explore new and ongoing controversies, assess change implications for the current KDIGO anemia guideline, and propose a research agenda. The first conference, described here, focused mainly on iron-related issues, including the contribution of disordered iron homeostasis to the anemia of chronic kidney disease, diagnostic challenges, available and emerging iron therapies, treatment targets, and patient outcomes. The second conference will discuss issues more specifically related to erythropoiesis-stimulating agents, including epoetins, and hypoxia-inducible factor-prolyl hydroxylase inhibitors. Here we provide a concise overview of the consensus points and controversies resulting from the first conference and prioritize key questions that need to be answered by future research.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Babitt, JL; Eisenga, MF; Haase, VH; Kshirsagar, AV; Levin, A; Locatelli, F; MaƂyszko, J; Swinkels, DW; Tarng, D-C; Cheung, M; Jadoul, M; Winkelmayer, WC; Drüeke, TB; Conference Participants,

Published Date

  • June 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 99 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 1280 - 1295

PubMed ID

  • 33839163

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1523-1755

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.kint.2021.03.020

Conference Location

  • United States