Clonal hematopoiesis associated with epigenetic aging and clinical outcomes.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Clonal hematopoiesis of indeterminate potential (CHIP) is a common precursor state for blood cancers that most frequently occurs due to mutations in the DNA-methylation modifying enzymes DNMT3A or TET2. We used DNA-methylation array and whole-genome sequencing data from four cohorts together comprising 5522 persons to study the association between CHIP, epigenetic clocks, and health outcomes. CHIP was strongly associated with epigenetic age acceleration, defined as the residual after regressing epigenetic clock age on chronological age, in several clocks, ranging from 1.31 years (GrimAge, p < 8.6 × 10-7 ) to 3.08 years (EEAA, p < 3.7 × 10-18 ). Mutations in most CHIP genes except DNA-damage response genes were associated with increases in several measures of age acceleration. CHIP carriers with mutations in multiple genes had the largest increases in age acceleration and decrease in estimated telomere length. Finally, we found that ~40% of CHIP carriers had acceleration >0 in both Hannum and GrimAge (referred to as AgeAccelHG+). This group was at high risk of all-cause mortality (hazard ratio 2.90, p < 4.1 × 10-8 ) and coronary heart disease (CHD) (hazard ratio 3.24, p < 9.3 × 10-6 ) compared to those who were CHIP-/AgeAccelHG-. In contrast, the other ~60% of CHIP carriers who were AgeAccelHG- were not at increased risk of these outcomes. In summary, CHIP is strongly linked to age acceleration in multiple clocks, and the combination of CHIP and epigenetic aging may be used to identify a population at high risk for adverse outcomes and who may be a target for clinical interventions.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Nachun, D; Lu, AT; Bick, AG; Natarajan, P; Weinstock, J; Szeto, MD; Kathiresan, S; Abecasis, G; Taylor, KD; Guo, X; Tracy, R; Durda, P; Liu, Y; Johnson, C; Rich, SS; Van Den Berg, D; Laurie, C; Blackwell, T; Papanicolaou, GJ; Correa, A; Raffield, LM; Johnson, AD; Murabito, J; Manson, JE; Desai, P; Kooperberg, C; Assimes, TL; Levy, D; Rotter, JI; Reiner, AP; Whitsel, EA; Wilson, JG; Horvath, S; Jaiswal, S; NHLBI Trans-Omics for Precision Medicine (TOPMed) Consortium,

Published Date

  • June 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 20 / 6

Start / End Page

  • e13366 -

PubMed ID

  • 34050697

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC8208788

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1474-9726

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/acel.13366

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • England