Economic evaluation of ART in resource-limited countries.

Journal Article (Journal Article;Review)

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In the face of increasing economic constraints, it is critically important to evaluate how best to utilize available resources. In this article, we review the growing number of cost-effectiveness analyses of HIV treatment with antiretroviral therapy (ART) in resource-limited settings. We focus on studies that evaluate when to start therapy, what therapy to start with and what to switch to based on what criteria. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent findings show that earlier ART initiation based on CD4 cell count criteria (CD4 cell counts <350 cells/microl) can be cost effective in most resource-limited settings. They also suggest that initiating ART with tenofovir as a component of the first-line regimen is an efficient use of resources compared with initiating ART with stavudine. Finally, they show that HIV RNA monitoring combined with CD4 monitoring is more effective than CD4 monitoring alone, although this strategy was not yet found to be cost effective in all studies. Nearly all studies demonstrate, however, that the cost-effectiveness ratio of HIV RNA monitoring will become more attractive as the cost of HIV RNA tests and second-line ART regimens decrease. SUMMARY: Substantial research shows that ART for HIV disease in resource-limited settings is cost effective. Improved initial regimens and increased laboratory monitoring may provide both clinical benefit and good value for money. Further price reductions of laboratory tests and recent antiretroviral drugs are needed to guarantee the cost-effectiveness of these required improvements.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Loubiere, S; Meiners, C; Sloan, C; Freedberg, KA; Yazdanpanah, Y

Published Date

  • May 2010

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 5 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 225 - 231

PubMed ID

  • 20539078

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC3898690

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1746-6318

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1097/COH.0b013e3283384a9d


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States