Mid-term results of tibial cones : reasonable survivorship but increased failure in those with significant bone loss and prior infection.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

AIMS: Tibial cones are often utilized in revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with metaphyseal defects. Because there are few studies evaluating mid-term outcomes with a sufficient cohort, the purpose of this study was to evaluate tibial cone survival and complications in revision TKAs with tibial cones at minimum follow-up of five years. METHODS: A retrospective review was completed from September 2006 to March 2015, evaluating 67 revision TKAs (64 patients) that received one specific porous tibial cone during revision TKA. The final cohort was composed of 62 knees (59 patients) with five years of clinical follow-up or reoperation. The mean clinical follow-up of the TKAs with minimum five-year clinical follow-up was 7.6 years (5.0 to 13.3). Survivorship analysis was performed with the endpoints of tibial cone revision for aseptic loosening, tibial cone revision for any reason, and reoperation. We also evaluated periprosthetic joint infection (PJI), risk factors for failure, and performed a radiological review. RESULTS: The rate of cone revision for aseptic loosening was 6.5%, with an eight-year survival of 95%. Significant bone loss (Anderson Orthopaedic Research Institute grade 3) was associated with cone revision for aseptic loosening (p = 0.002). The rate of cone revision for any reason was 17.7%, with an eight-year survival of 84%. Sixteen percent of knees developed PJI following revision. A pre-revision diagnosis of reimplantation as part of a two-stage exchange protocol for infection was associated with both PJI (p < 0.001) and tibial cone revision (p = 0.001). CONCLUSION: Mid-term results of tibial cones showed a survivorship free of cone revision for aseptic loosening of 95%. Patients with significant bone loss were more likely to have re-revision for tibial cone failure. Infection was common, and patients receiving cones at reimplantation were more likely to develop PJI and undergo cone revision. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(6 Supple A):158-164.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Hernandez, NM; Hinton, ZW; Wu, CJ; Ryan, SP; Bolognesi, MP

Published Date

  • June 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 103-B / 6 Supple A

Start / End Page

  • 158 - 164

PubMed ID

  • 34053275

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2049-4408

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1302/0301-620X.103B6.BJJ-2020-1934.R1


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England