Effect of deep learning image reconstruction in the prediction of resectability of pancreatic cancer: Diagnostic performance and reader confidence.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

OBJECTIVE: To assess the diagnostic performance and reader confidence in determining the resectability of pancreatic cancer at computed tomography (CT) using a new deep learning image reconstruction (DLIR) algorithm. METHODS: A retrospective review was conduct of on forty-seven patients with pathologically confirmed pancreatic cancers who underwent baseline multiphasic contrast-enhanced CT scan. Image data sets were reconstructed using filtered back projection (FBP), hybrid model-based adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASiR-V) 60 %, and DLIR "TrueFidelity" at low(L), medium(M), and high strength levels(H). Four board-certified abdominal radiologists reviewed the CT images and classified cancers as resectable, borderline resectable, or unresectable. Diagnostic performance and reader confidence for categorizing the resectability of pancreatic cancer were evaluated based on the reference standards, and the interreader agreement was assessed using Fleiss k statistics. RESULTS: For prediction of margin-negative resections(ie, R0), the average area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was significantly higher with DLIR-H (0.91; 95 % confidence interval [CI]: 0.79, 0.98) than FBP (0.75; 95 % CI:0.60, 0.86) and ASiR-V (0.81; 95 % CI:0.67, 0.91) (p = 0.030 and 0.023 respectively). Reader confidence scores were significantly better using DLIR compared to FBP and ASiR-V 60 % and increased linearly with the increase of DLIR strength level (all p < 0.001). Among the image reconstructions, DLIR-H showed the highest interreader agreement in the resectability classification and lowest subject variability in the reader confidence. CONCLUSIONS: The DLIR-H algorithm may improve the diagnostic performance and reader confidence in the CT assignment of the local resectability of pancreatic cancer while reducing the interreader variability.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Lyu, P; Neely, B; Solomon, J; Rigiroli, F; Ding, Y; Schwartz, FR; Thomsen, B; Lowry, C; Samei, E; Marin, D

Published Date

  • August 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 141 /

Start / End Page

  • 109825 -

PubMed ID

  • 34144309

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1872-7727

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.ejrad.2021.109825


  • eng

Conference Location

  • Ireland