Estimating the real-world performance of the PROMISE minimal-risk tool.

Journal Article (Journal Article)


Stable chest pain is a common indication for cardiac catheterization. We assessed the prognostic value of the Prospective Multicenter Imaging Study for Evaluation (PROMISE) Minimal-Risk Tool in identifying patients who are at very low risk of obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) or downstream cardiovascular adverse outcomes.


We applied the PROMISE Minimal-Risk Tool to consecutive patients without known CAD who underwent elective cardiac catheterization for stable angina from January 1, 2000 to December 31, 2014 in the Duke Databank for Cardiovascular Disease (DDCD). Patients with scores >0.46 (top decile of lowest-risk from the PROMISE cohort) were classified as low-risk. Logistic regression modeling compared likelihood of freedom from obstructive coronary artery disease on index angiography, 2-year survival, and 2-year survival free of myocardial infarction (MI) and MI/revascularization between low- and non low-risk patients. Alternative cut points to define low- risk patients were also explored.


Among 6251 patients undergoing cardiac catheterization for stable chest pain, 1082 (17.3%) were low-risk per the PROMISE minimal-risk tool. Among low risk patients, obstructive coronary artery disease was observed in 14.9% and left main disease (≥ 50% Stenosis) was rare (0.9%). Compared with other patients, low risk patients had a higher likelihood of freedom from obstructive coronary disease on index catheterization (85.1% vs. 44.2%, OR 4.84, 95% CI 4.06-5.77). Low risk patients had significantly higher survival (98.2% vs. 94.4%, OR 3.18, 95% CI 1.99-5.08), MI-free survival (97.2% vs. 91.9%, OR 3.03, 95% CI 2.07-4.45), and MI/revascularization-free survival (86.2 vs. 59.9%, OR 4.19, 95% CI 3.48-5.05) at 2 years than non-low risk patients. Operating characteristics for predicting the outcomes of interest varied modestly depending on the low-risk cut-point used but the positive predictive value for 2 year freedom from death was >98% regardless.


The PROMISE minimal-risk tool identifies 17% of stable chest pain patients referred to cardiac catheterization as low risk. These patients have a low prevalence of obstructive CAD and better survival than non-low risk patients. While this suggests that these patients are unlikely to benefit from catheterization, further research is needed to confirm a favorable downstream prognosis with medical management alone.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Nanna, MG; Wang, TY; Chiswell, K; Sun, JL; Vemulapalli, S; Hoffmann, U; Patel, MR; Udelson, JE; Fordyce, CB; Douglas, PS

Published Date

  • September 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 239 /

Start / End Page

  • 100 - 109

PubMed ID

  • 34077743

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1097-6744

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0002-8703

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.ahj.2021.05.016


  • eng