Hematopoietic Wnts Modulate Endochondral Ossification During Fracture Healing.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Wnt signaling plays a critical role in bone formation, homeostasis, and injury repair. Multiple cell types in bone have been proposed to produce the Wnts required for these processes. The specific role of Wnts produced from cells of hematopoietic origin has not been previously characterized. Here, we examined if hematopoietic Wnts play a role in physiological musculoskeletal development and in fracture healing. Wnt secretion from hematopoietic cells was blocked by genetic knockout of the essential Wnt modifying enzyme PORCN, achieved by crossing Vav-Cre transgenic mice with Porcnflox mice. Knockout mice were compared with their wild-type littermates for musculoskeletal development including bone quantity and quality at maturation. Fracture healing including callus quality and quantity was assessed in a diaphyseal fracture model using quantitative micro computer-assisted tomographic scans, histological analysis, as well as biomechanical torsional and 4-point bending stress tests. The hematopoietic Porcn knockout mice had normal musculoskeletal development, with normal bone quantity and quality on micro-CT scans of the vertebrae. They also had normal gross skeletal dimensions and normal bone strength. Hematopoietic Wnt depletion in the healing fracture resulted in fewer osteoclasts in the fracture callus, with a resultant delay in callus remodeling. All calluses eventually progressed to full maturation. Hematopoietic Wnts, while not essential, modulate osteoclast numbers during fracture healing. These osteoclasts participate in callus maturation and remodeling. This demonstrates the importance of diverse Wnt sources in bone repair.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Chua, K; Lee, VK; Chan, C; Yew, A; Yeo, E; Virshup, DM

Published Date

  • 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 12 /

Start / End Page

  • 667480 -

PubMed ID

  • 34108937

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC8181731

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1664-2392

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.3389/fendo.2021.667480

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • Switzerland