Andexanet alfa and four-factor prothrombin complex concentrate for reversal of apixaban and rivaroxaban in patients diagnosed with intracranial hemorrhage.
Limited data exists regarding the clinical outcomes of andexanet alfa and four factor prothrombin complex concentrate (4F-PCC) for reversal of apixaban or rivaroxaban in the setting of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). The objective of this study was to evaluate clinical outcomes of 4F-PCC and andexanet alfa for reversal of ICH associated with oral factor Xa inhibitors. This was a retrospective, single-center, case series evaluating hemostatic efficacy of patients receiving andexanet alfa) or 4F-PCC for reversal of apixaban or rivaroxaban after ICH. Secondary endpoints included in-hospital mortality, thrombotic complications, timing of reversal agents, intensive care unit and hospital length of stay, patient disposition, and 30-day readmission rate. During the study period, 21 patients received andexanet alfa and 35 received 4F-PCC. Hemostatic efficacy occurred in 64.7% of patients receiving andexanet alfa and 54.8% of receiving 4F-PCC. Thirty-day all-cause mortality was 45.2% for 4F-PCC and 30% for andexanet alfa. Thrombotic events were higher with 4F-PCC (31.4%) compared to andexanet alfa (14.3%). Median time from presentation to administration of reversal agent was 2.67 [1.75-4.13] hours with andexanet alfa and 1.73 [1.21-3.55] hours with 4F-PCC. Discharge to skilled nursing facilities and 30-day readmission were similar between groups. In this cohort, reversal with andexanet alfa and 4F-PCC differed in terms ofhemostatic efficacy and thrombotic events after ICH in patients anticoagulated with apixaban or rivaroxaban.
Vestal, ML; Hodulik, K; Mando-Vandrick, J; James, ML; Ortel, TL; Fuller, M; Notini, M; Friedland, M; Welsby, IJ
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