Development and Application of a Total Diet Quality Index for Toddlers.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

For the first time, the 2020-2025 Dietary Guidelines for Americans include recommendations for infants and toddlers under 2 years old. We aimed to create a diet quality index based on a scoring system for ages 12 to 23.9 months, the Toddler Diet Quality Index (DQI), and evaluate its construct validity using 24 h dietary recall data collected from a national sample of children from the Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study (FITS) 2016. The mean (standard error) Toddler DQI was 49 (0.6) out of 100 possible points, indicating room for improvement. Toddlers under-consumed seafood, greens and beans, and plant proteins and over-consumed refined grains and added sugars. Toddler DQI scores were higher among children who were ever breastfed, lived in households with higher incomes, and who were Hispanic. The Toddler DQI performed as expected and offers a measurement tool to assess the dietary quality of young children in accordance with federal nutrition guidelines. This is important for providing guidance that can be used to inform public health nutrition policies, programs, and practices to improve diets of young children.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Kay, MC; Duffy, EW; Harnack, LJ; Anater, AS; Hampton, JC; Eldridge, AL; Story, M

Published Date

  • June 5, 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 13 / 6

PubMed ID

  • 34198828

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC8229507

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2072-6643

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.3390/nu13061943


  • eng

Conference Location

  • Switzerland