The Clinical Spectrum of Primary Cutaneous CD4+ Small/Medium-Sized Pleomorphic T-Cell Lymphoproliferative Disorder: An Updated Systematic Literature Review and Case Series.

Journal Article (Journal Article;Systematic Review)

BACKGROUND: Primary cutaneous CD4+ small/medium pleomorphic T-cell lymphoproliferative disorder (SMPLPD) is a provisional entity within the 2016 World Health Organization classification of primary cutaneous lymphomas. The condition is currently classified as a lymphoproliferative disorder to emphasize its benign course and discourage aggressive, systemic treatment modalities. OBJECTIVE: To provide a relevant synthesis for the dermatological practitioner on the prevalence, presentation, and treatment of SMPLPD. METHODS: We conducted an updated systematic literature review and a retrospective chart review of diagnosed cases of SMPLPD from 2 Canadian academic cutaneous lymphoma centers. RESULTS: A total of 23 studies with 136 cases were extracted from the systematic review and 24 patients from our retrospective chart review. SMPLPD proved relatively common accounting for 12.5% of all cutaneous T-cell lymphomas encountered in our cutaneous lymphoma clinics, second in frequency only to mycosis fungoides. The typical clinical presentation was that of an older individual (median age 59 years) with an asymptomatic solitary lesion on their upper extremity. The most common clinical differentials were cutaneous lymphoid hyperplasia, basal cell carcinoma, and lymphoma unspecified. T follicular helper markers were reliably detected. The main treatment modalities were surgical excision, local radiation therapy, and topical or intralesional steroids. Cure was achieved in the vast majority of cases. CONCLUSIONS: SMPLPD is an underdiagnosed T-cell lymphoma with an overtly benign clinical course. The condition has an excellent prognosis and responds well to skin-directed therapies. Practitioners should be aware of this condition to avoid aggressive systemic treatments.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Surmanowicz, P; Doherty, S; Sivanand, A; Parvinnejad, N; Deschenes, J; Schneider, M; Hardin, J; Gniadecki, R

Published Date

  • 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 237 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 618 - 628

PubMed ID

  • 33326960

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1421-9832

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1159/000511473


  • eng

Conference Location

  • Switzerland