The organophosphate insecticide diazinon and aging: Neurobehavioral and mitochondrial effects in zebrafish exposed as embryos or during aging.
Organophosphate (OP) compounds comprise one of the most widely used classes of insecticides worldwide. OPs have been shown to have negative human health impacts, particularly developmental neurotoxicity. However, neurotoxic impacts in later adulthood and during the aging process are relatively uncharacterized. The present study examined diazinon (DZN), an OP, to determine the neurobehavioral consequences, in addition to mitochondrial dysfunction on a macroscale (whole organism basal respiration) and on a microscale (whole organ mitochondrial respiration), using zebrafish (ZF) as a model. One group of 14-month-old adult ZF were exposed acutely as adults (0.4, 1.25, and 4.0 μM) for five days and tested as adults, and another group was exposed developmentally 5-120 h post-fertilization (70, 210, and 700 nM) and tested at larval, adolescent, adult, and aging life stages. ZF exposed acutely as adults did not display many significant neurobehavioral impacts or mitochondrial dysfunction. Conversely, the embryonically exposed ZF showed altered behavioral functions at each stage of life which emerged and attenuated as fish transitioned from each developmental stage to the next. Mitochondrial oxygen consumptions measurement results for developmentally DZN exposed ZF showed significant increases in the low and middle dose groups in organs such as the brain and testes. Overall, there is an indication that early developmental exposure to DZN had continuing adverse neurobehavioral and cellular consequences throughout their lives well into adulthood and aging periods.
Boyda, J; Hawkey, AB; Holloway, ZR; Trevisan, R; Di Giulio, RT; Levin, ED
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