Transition to Ductal Stenting for Single Ventricle Patients Led to Improved Survival: An Institutional Case Series.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: The use of systemic-to-pulmonary shunts (SPS) in neonates with single ventricle heart defects and ductal-dependent pulmonary blood flow (ddPBF) was historically associated with high morbidity and mortality at our center. As a result, we transitioned to the preferential use of ductus arteriosus stents (DS) when feasible. This report describes our initial results with this strategy. METHODS: A single-center study of single ventricle patients that received DS or SPS from 2015 to 2019 was performed to assess whether DS was associated with decreased in-hospital morbidity and increased survival to stage II palliation. RESULTS: A total of 34 patients were included (DS = 11; SPS = 23). Underlying cardiac anomalies were similar between groups and included pulmonary atresia, unbalanced atrioventricular septal defect, and tricuspid atresia. Procedure success was similar between groups (82% vs 83%). Two DS patients were converted to SPS, due to ductal vasospasm or pulmonary artery obstruction, and four SPS patients required surgical shunt revision. In DS patients, postprocedure mechanical ventilation duration was shorter (one vs three days, P = .009) and fewer required postprocedure extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (9% vs 39%, P = .11). A higher proportion of DS patients survived to stage II palliation (100% vs 64%, P = .035), and the probability of one-year survival was higher in DS patients (100% vs 61%, P = .02). CONCLUSIONS: At our center, patients with single ventricle heart defects and ddPBF that received DS experienced reduced in-hospital morbidity and increased survival to stage II palliation compared to SPS.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Prabhu, NK; Zhu, A; Meza, JM; Hill, KD; Fleming, GA; Chamberlain, RC; Lodge, AJ; Turek, JW; Andersen, ND

Published Date

  • July 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 12 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 518 - 526

PubMed ID

  • 34278866

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2150-136X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1177/21501351211007808

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States