Genetic variants of EML1 and HIST1H4E in myeloid cell-related pathway genes independently predict cutaneous melanoma-specific survival.
Both in vivo and in vitro evidence has supported a key role of myeloid cells in immune suppression in melanoma and in promoting melanocytic metastases. Some single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been shown to predict cutaneous melanoma-specific survival (CMSS), but the association between genetic variation in myeloid cell-related genes and cutaneous melanoma (CM) patient survival remains unknown. METHODS: we investigated associations between SNPs in myeloid cell-related pathway genes and CMSS in a discovery dataset of 850 CM patients and replicated the findings in another dataset of 409 CM patients. RESULTS: we identified two SNPs (EML1 rs10151787 A>G and HIST1H4E rs2069018 T>C) as independent prognostic factors for CMSS, with adjusted allelic hazards ratios of 1.56 (95% confidence interval =1.19-2.05, P=0.001) and 1.66 (1.22-2.26, P=0.001), respectively; so were their combined unfavorable alleles in a dose-response manner in both discovery and replication datasets (P trend<0.001 and 0.002, respectively). Additional functional analysis revealed that both EML1 rs10151787 G and HIST1H4E rs2069018 C alleles were associated with elevated mRNA expression levels in normal tissues. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that EML1 rs10151787 A>G and HIST1H4E rs2069018 T>C are independent prognostic biomarkers for CMSS.
He, Y; Liu, H; Luo, S; Amos, CI; Lee, JE; Yang, K; Qureshi, AA; Han, J; Wei, Q
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