Effects of temperature acclimation on cardiorespiratory performance of the Antarctic notothenioid Trematomus bernacchii

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Notothenioid fishes of the Southern Ocean have evolved under cold and stable temperatures for millions of years. Due to rising temperatures in the Southern Ocean, investigating thermal limits and the capacities for inducing a temperature acclimation response in notothenioids has become of increasing interest. Here, we investigated effects of temperature acclimation on cardiorespiratory responses and cardiac and skeletal muscle energy metabolism in a benthic Antarctic notothenioid, Trematomus bernacchii. We acclimated specimens to -1, 2 and 4.5 °C for 14 days and quantified heart rates and ventilation rates during an acute increase in temperature. Ventilation rates showed an effect of acclimation both at initial steady-state acclimation conditions and during an acute temperature increase, suggesting a partial thermal compensatory response. However, acclimation did not affect heart rates at steady-state acclimation conditions and the temperatures at which onset of cardiac arrhythmia occurred, suggesting lack of inducible thermal tolerance in cardiac performance. Citrate synthase (CS), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and 3-hydroxyacyl dehydrogenase activities in skeletal muscle tissues suggested acclimation-induced shifts in metabolic fuel preferences, and a marked increase in LDH activity with acclimation to 4.5 °C showed an increase in anaerobic metabolism. In heart tissue, CS and LDH activities decreased with acclimation to 4.5 °C, suggesting reduced cardiac ATP production. Overall, the data suggest a partial acclimatory response to temperature by T. bernacchii and support the hypothesis that reduced cardiac acclimatory capacity may play a role in limiting the thermal plasticity of T. bernacchii. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Jayasundara, N; Healy, TM; Somero, GN

Published Date

  • July 1, 2013

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 36 / 7

Start / End Page

  • 1047 - 1057

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0722-4060

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s00300-013-1327-3

Citation Source

  • Scopus