Appeal, subjective effects, and relative reinforcing effects of JUUL that vary in flavor and nicotine content.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has the authority to regulate characteristics of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS). Prior research indicates that regulation of certain characteristics of these products may have an effect on their appeal and use. Policies that affect appeal and use of ENDS are relevant to attempts to reduce use among young people-including young adults-but are also relevant to adults who use these products as harm reduction tools. Using a novel concurrent choice task, we evaluated the relative reinforcement of JUUL brand ENDS products that varied in flavor (n = 8) and nicotine (n = 8) among samples of young adults who use JUUL. Findings suggest that restricting JUUL flavor to tobacco-only results in decreased appeal, while reducing the nicotine content of JUUL pods to 3%-from the conventional 5%-does not have an effect on product appeal. Findings also validate a novel methodology for delivering fixed doses of ENDS vapor within the context of a task that assesses the relative reinforcement of ENDS products with varying characteristics. This methodology can be applied to assessing the relative reinforcing effects of a wide variety of tobacco products with varied characteristics. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved).
Pacek, LR; Kozink, RV; Carson, CE; McClernon, FJ
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