Effect of Interleukin-1 Blockade on Left Ventricular Systolic Performance and Work: A Post Hoc Pooled Analysis of 2 Clinical Trials.

Journal Article (Journal Article)


Interleukin-1 (IL-1) blockade seems to improve anaerobic exercise in patients with systolic heart failure through improved left ventricular (LV) systolic performance. However, it is unclear whether IL-1 blockade affects LV systolic performance.


We pooled data from 2 clinical trials of patients with systolic heart failure who were randomized to IL-1 blockade or placebo. We estimated changes in LV systolic performance (LV ejection fraction [LVEF] and end-systolic elastance [LVEes]) and pressure-volume area (PVA), a surrogate of oxygen consumption, after 14 days of treatment.


LVEF increased from 30% (24%-38%) to 36% (29%-43%) between baseline and day 14 only in anakinra-treated patients (P = 0.03 for within-group change and P = 0.02 for between-group change compared with placebo). LVEes increased from 1.0 mm Hg/mL (0.7-1.5) to 1.3 mm Hg/mL (0.8-1.6) in anakinra-treated patients between baseline and day 14 but not in placebo-treated patients (P = 0.03 for within-group change and P = 0.08 for between-group change). A change in PVA between baseline and 14 days was not detected in either anakinra or placebo patients.


In this post hoc analysis, LVEes and LVEF increased significantly in patients treated with an IL-1 blocker but not in placebo-treated patients. An effect of IL-1 blockade on calculated PVA was not detected.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Buckley, LF; Carbone, S; Trankle, CR; Canada, JM; Erdle, CO; Regan, JA; Viscusi, MM; Kadariya, D; Billingsley, H; Arena, R; Abbate, A; Van Tassell, BW

Published Date

  • July 2018

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 72 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 68 - 70

PubMed ID

  • 29738374

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC6033625

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1533-4023

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0160-2446

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1097/fjc.0000000000000591


  • eng