Early Recognition of Preventable Factors Associated with Delirium Saves Lives and Costs.

Journal Article (Review;Journal Article)

Delirium is a complex diagnosis characterized by inattention accompanied by either disorganized thinking or an altered level of consciousness. Delirium affects approximately 15% of older adults in the hospital. Delirium is associated with a 62% greater risk of mortality within 1 year of discharge and a significant increase in health care costs. Although the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Health-5 has defined delirium, its characteristics, and has recommended diagnostic tools, one of the greatest challenges has been instituting timely and effective treatments. Effective management of delirium includes nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic interventions simultaneously instituted to control agitation while exploring causation.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Smallheer, B

Published Date

  • September 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 56 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 345 - 356

PubMed ID

  • 34366155

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1558-1357

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0029-6465

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.cnur.2021.04.002


  • eng