Estrogens and prostate cancer.

Journal Article (Journal Article;Review)

BACKGROUND: Hormonal influences such as androgens and estrogens are known contributors in the development and progression of prostate cancer (CaP). While much of the research to the hormonal nature of CaP has focused on androgens, estrogens also have critical roles in CaP development, physiology as well as a potential therapeutic intervention. METHODS: In this review, we provide a critical literature review of the current basic science and clinical evidence for the interaction between estrogens and CaP. RESULTS: Estrogenic influences in CaP include synthetic, endogenous, fungi and plant-derived compounds, and represent a family of sex hormones, which cross hydrophobic cell membranes and bind to membrane-associated receptors and estrogen receptors that localize to the nucleus triggering changes in gene expression in various organ systems. CONCLUSIONS: Estrogens represent a under-recognized contributor in CaP development and progression. Further research in this topic may provide opportunities for identification of environmental influencers as well as providing novel therapeutic targets in the treatment of CaP.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Dobbs, RW; Malhotra, NR; Greenwald, DT; Wang, AY; Prins, GS; Abern, MR

Published Date

  • May 2019

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 22 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 185 - 194

PubMed ID

  • 30131606

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1476-5608

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1038/s41391-018-0081-6


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England