Adjustments to warfarin dosing after gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy.
BACKGROUND: Warfarin dosing after bariatric surgery may be influenced by alterations in gastrointestinal pH, transit time, absorptive surface area, gut microbiota, food intake, and adipose tissue. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe trends in warfarin dosing after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG). SETTING: Single academic center. METHODS: All patients chronically on warfarin anticoagulation before RYGB or SG were retrospectively identified. Indications for anticoagulation, history of bleeding or thrombotic events, perioperative complications, and warfarin dosing were collected. RESULTS: Fifty-three patients (RYGB n = 31, SG n = 22) on chronic warfarin therapy were identified (56.6% female, mean 54.4 ± 11.7 yr of age). Of this cohort, 34.0% had prior venous thromboembolic events, 43.4% had atrial fibrillation, and 5.7% had mechanical cardiac valves. Preoperatively, the average daily dose of warfarin was similar in the RYGB group (8.3 ± 4.1 mg) and SG group (6.9 ± 2.8 mg). One month after surgery, mean daily dose of warfarin was reduced 24.1% in the RYGB group (P<.001) and 23.2% in the SG group (P = .002). At 12 months postoperatively, the required daily warfarin dose compared with baseline remained statistically different (RYGB: 6.8 ± 3.8 mg; SG: 6.1 ± 2.0 mg). CONCLUSIONS: The warfarin dose is expected to be decreased by approximately 25% from preoperative levels after both RYGB and SG. Lower dose requirement within the first month after bariatric surgery is followed by a trend toward increased warfarin dose requirements, but remain less than baseline. Because dose requirements change constantly over time, frequent postoperative monitoring of the international normalized ratio is recommended.
Strong, AT; Sharma, G; Nor Hanipah, Z; Tu, C; Brethauer, SA; Schauer, PR; Cetin, D; Aminian, A
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