Adjustments to warfarin dosing after gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: Warfarin dosing after bariatric surgery may be influenced by alterations in gastrointestinal pH, transit time, absorptive surface area, gut microbiota, food intake, and adipose tissue. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe trends in warfarin dosing after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG). SETTING: Single academic center. METHODS: All patients chronically on warfarin anticoagulation before RYGB or SG were retrospectively identified. Indications for anticoagulation, history of bleeding or thrombotic events, perioperative complications, and warfarin dosing were collected. RESULTS: Fifty-three patients (RYGB n = 31, SG n = 22) on chronic warfarin therapy were identified (56.6% female, mean 54.4 ± 11.7 yr of age). Of this cohort, 34.0% had prior venous thromboembolic events, 43.4% had atrial fibrillation, and 5.7% had mechanical cardiac valves. Preoperatively, the average daily dose of warfarin was similar in the RYGB group (8.3 ± 4.1 mg) and SG group (6.9 ± 2.8 mg). One month after surgery, mean daily dose of warfarin was reduced 24.1% in the RYGB group (P<.001) and 23.2% in the SG group (P = .002). At 12 months postoperatively, the required daily warfarin dose compared with baseline remained statistically different (RYGB: 6.8 ± 3.8 mg; SG: 6.1 ± 2.0 mg). CONCLUSIONS: The warfarin dose is expected to be decreased by approximately 25% from preoperative levels after both RYGB and SG. Lower dose requirement within the first month after bariatric surgery is followed by a trend toward increased warfarin dose requirements, but remain less than baseline. Because dose requirements change constantly over time, frequent postoperative monitoring of the international normalized ratio is recommended.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Strong, AT; Sharma, G; Nor Hanipah, Z; Tu, C; Brethauer, SA; Schauer, PR; Cetin, D; Aminian, A

Published Date

  • May 2018

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 14 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 700 - 706

PubMed ID

  • 29496441

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1878-7533

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.soard.2017.12.021

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States