An Analytical Framework of Tonal and Rhythmic Hierarchy in Natural Music Using the Multivariate Temporal Response Function.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Even without formal training, humans experience a wide range of emotions in response to changes in musical features, such as tonality and rhythm, during music listening. While many studies have investigated how isolated elements of tonal and rhythmic properties are processed in the human brain, it remains unclear whether these findings with such controlled stimuli are generalizable to complex stimuli in the real world. In the current study, we present an analytical framework of a linearized encoding analysis based on a set of music information retrieval features to investigate the rapid cortical encoding of tonal and rhythmic hierarchies in natural music. We applied this framework to a public domain EEG dataset (OpenMIIR) to deconvolve overlapping EEG responses to various musical features in continuous music. In particular, the proposed framework investigated the EEG encoding of the following features: tonal stability , key clarity , beat , and meter . This analysis revealed a differential spatiotemporal neural encoding of beat and meter , but not of tonal stability and key clarity . The results demonstrate that this framework can uncover associations of ongoing brain activity with relevant musical features, which could be further extended to other relevant measures such as time-resolved emotional responses in future studies.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Leahy, J; Kim, S-G; Wan, J; Overath, T

Published Date

  • January 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 15 /

Start / End Page

  • 665767 -

PubMed ID

  • 34335154

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC8322238

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1662-453X

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1662-4548

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.3389/fnins.2021.665767


  • eng