The Impact of Extended Delayed Surgery for Indolent Lung Cancer or Part-Solid Ground Glass Nodules.
Journal Article (Journal Article)
BACKGROUND: During the COVID-19 pandemic, patients with lung cancer may experience treatment delays. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of extended treatment delays on survival among patients with stage I typical bronchopulmonary carcinoid (BC), lepidic predominant adenocarcinoma (LPA) or invasive adenocarcinoma with a lepidic component (ADL). METHODS: Using National Cancer Database data (2004-2015), multivariable Cox regression analysis with penalized smoothing splines was performed to examine the association between treatment delay and all-cause mortality for stage I BC, LPA, and ADL. Propensity score-matched analyses compared the overall survival of patients who received "early" vs "delayed" surgery (ie, 0-30 vs 90-120 days after diagnosis) across the different histologic subtypes. RESULTS: During the study period, patients with stage I BC (n = 4947), LPA (n = 5340), and ADL (n = 6816) underwent surgery. Cox regression analysis of these cohorts showed a gradual steady increase in the hazard ratio the longer treatment is delayed. However, in propensity score-matched analyses that created cohorts of patients who underwent early and delayed surgery that were well-balanced in patient characteristics, no significant differences in 5-year survival were found between early and delayed surgery for stage I BC (87% [95% CI:77%-93%] vs 89% [95% CI: 80%-94%]), stage I LPA (73% [95% CI: 64%-80%] vs 77% [95% CI: 68%-83%]), and stage I ADL (71% [95% CI: 64%-76%] vs 69% [95% CI: 60%-76%]). CONCLUSIONS: During the COVID-19 pandemic, for early-stage indolent lung tumors and part-solid ground glass lung nodules, a delay of surgery by 3-4 months after diagnosis can be considered.
- Mayne, NR; Elser, H; Lin, BK; Raman, V; Liou, D; Li, X; D'Amico, TA; Jeffrey Yang, C-F
- June 2022
Volume / Issue
- 113 / 6
Start / End Page
- 1827 - 1834
Pubmed Central ID
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)