Force-modulated reductive elimination from platinum(ii) diaryl complexes.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Coupled mechanical forces are known to drive a range of covalent chemical reactions, but the effect of mechanical force applied to a spectator ligand on transition metal reactivity is relatively unexplored. Here we quantify the rate of C(sp2 )-C(sp2 ) reductive elimination from platinum(ii) diaryl complexes containing macrocyclic bis(phosphine) ligands as a function of mechanical force applied to these ligands. DFT computations reveal complex dependence of mechanochemical kinetics on the structure of the force-transducing ligand. We validated experimentally the computational finding for the most sensitive of the ligand designs, based on MeOBiphep, by coupling it to a macrocyclic force probe ligand. Consistent with the computations, compressive forces decreased the rate of reductive elimination whereas extension forces increased the rate relative to the strain-free MeOBiphep complex with a 3.4-fold change in rate over a ∼290 pN range of restoring forces. The calculated natural bite angle of the free macrocyclic ligand changes with force, but 31 P NMR analysis and calculations strongly suggest no significant force-induced perturbation of ground state geometry within the first coordination sphere of the (P-P)PtAr2 complexes. Rather, the force/rate behavior observed across this range of forces is attributed to the coupling of force to the elongation of the O⋯O distance in the transition state for reductive elimination. The results suggest opportunities to experimentally map geometry changes associated with reactions in transition metal complexes and potential strategies for force-modulated catalysis.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Yu, Y; Wang, C; Wang, L; Sun, C-L; Boulatov, R; Widenhoefer, RA; Craig, SL

Published Date

  • August 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 12 / 33

Start / End Page

  • 11130 - 11137

PubMed ID

  • 34522310

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC8386663

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2041-6539

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2041-6520

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1039/d1sc03182a

Language

  • eng