The association of left atrial low-voltage regions on electroanatomic mapping with low attenuation regions on cardiac computed tomography perfusion imaging in patients with atrial fibrillation.
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that contrast-enhanced multidetector computed tomography (CE-MDCT) could identify ventricular fibrosis after myocardial infarction. However, whether CE-MDCT can characterize atrial low-voltage regions remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the association of CE-MDCT image attenuation with left atrial (LA) low bipolar voltage regions in patients undergoing repeat ablation for atrial fibrillation recurrence. METHODS: We enrolled 20 patients undergoing repeat ablation for atrial fibrillation recurrence. All patients underwent preprocedural 3-dimensional CE-MDCT of the LA, followed by voltage mapping (>100 points) of the LA during the ablation procedure. Epicardial and endocardial contours were manually drawn around LA myocardium on multiplanar CE-MDCT axial images. Segmented 3-dimensional images of the LA myocardium were reconstructed. Electroanatomic map points were retrospectively registered to the corresponding CE-MDCT images. RESULTS: A total of 2028 electroanatomic map points obtained in sinus rhythm from the LA endocardium were registered to the segmented LA wall CE-MDCT images. In a linear mixed model, each unit increase in the local image attenuation ratio was associated with 25.2% increase in log bipolar voltage (P = .046) after adjusting for age, sex, body mass index, and LA volume, as well as clustering of data by patient and LA regions. CONCLUSION: We demonstrate that the image attenuation ratio derived from CE-MDCT is associated with LA bipolar voltage. The potential ability to image fibrosis via CE-MDCT may provide a useful alternative in patients with contraindications to magnetic resonance imaging.
Ling, Z; McManigle, J; Zipunnikov, V; Pashakhanloo, F; Khurram, IM; Zimmerman, SL; Philips, B; Marine, JE; Spragg, DD; Ashikaga, H; Calkins, H; Nazarian, S
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