# Mass Drop and Multiplicity in Mean Curvature Flow

Journal Article

Brakke flow is defined with a variational inequality, which means it may have discontinuous mass over time, i.e. have mass drop. It has long been conjectured that the Brakke flow associated to a nonfattening level set flow has no mass drop and achieves equality in the Brakke inequality. Under natural assumptions, we show that a flow has no mass drop if and only if it satisfies the multiplicity one conjecture $\mathcal{H}^n$-a.e. One application is that there is no mass drop for level set flows with mean convex neighborhoods of singularities, and a generic flow has no mass drop until there is a higher multiplicity planar tangent flow. Also, if a nonfattening flow has no higher multiplicity planes as limit flows, then each limit flow has no mass drop. We upgrade these results to equality in the Brakke inequality for certain important cases. We show that nonfattening flows with three-convex blow-up type are Brakke flows with equality. This includes flows with generic singularities in dimension three and flows with mean convex neighborhoods of singularities in dimension four.

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### Duke Authors

### Cited Authors

- Payne, A