Using N-Terminal Coordination of Cu(II) and Ni(II) to Isolate the Coordination Environment of Cu(I) and Cu(II) Bound to His13 and His14 in Amyloid-β(4-16).

Journal Article (Journal Article)

The amyloid-β (Aβ) peptide is a cleavage product of the amyloid precursor protein and has been implicated as a central player in Alzheimer's disease. The N-terminal end of Aβ is variable, and different proportions of these variable-length Aβ peptides are present in healthy individuals and those with the disease. The N-terminally truncated form of Aβ starting at position 4 (Aβ4-x ) has a His residue as the third amino acid (His6 using the formal Aβ numbering). The N-terminal sequence Xaa-Xaa-His is known as an amino terminal copper and nickel binding motif (ATCUN), which avidly binds Cu(II). This motif is not present in the commonly studied Aβ1-x peptides. In addition to the ATCUN site, Aβ4-x contains an additional metal binding site located at the tandem His residues (bis -His at His13 and 14) which is also found in other isoforms of Aβ. Using the ATCUN and bis -His motifs, the Aβ4-x peptide is capable of binding multiple metal ions simultaneously. We confirm that Cu(II) bound to this particular ATCUN site is redox silent, but the second Cu(II) site is redox active and can be readily reduced with ascorbate. We have employed surrogate metal ions to block copper coordination at the ATCUN or the tandem His site in order to isolate spectral features of the copper coordination environment for structural characterization using extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectroscopy. This approach reveals that each copper coordination environment is independent in the Cu24-x state. The identification of two functionally different copper binding environments within the Aβ4-x sequence may have important implications for this peptide in vivo .

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Pushie, MJ; Stefaniak, E; Sendzik, MR; Sokaras, D; Kroll, T; Haas, KL

Published Date

  • November 2019

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 58 / 22

Start / End Page

  • 15138 - 15154

PubMed ID

  • 31657204

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1520-510X

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0020-1669

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.9b01940

Language

  • eng