A Multi-institutional, Retrospective Analysis of Patients with Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma to Bone Treated with Combination Ipilimumab and Nivolumab.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: Bone metastases (BM) in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) patients are associated with poor outcomes. There are limited published data on outcomes in these patients with immunotherapy agents. We present a multi-institutional, retrospective analysis of metastatic RCC patients with BM treated with ipilimumab and nivolumab (I + N). OBJECTIVE: Patient, tumor, and treatment-related variables were retrospectively collected from electronic medical records of patients with a histologically confirmed diagnosis of RCC and at least one radiographically confirmed BM prior to initiation of I + N. Best objective response was assessed by clinical chart review, imaging reports, and treating physician evaluation; progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were recorded as of 31 December 2020. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize patient characteristics and BM-related variables. Kaplan-Meier method and Mantel-Haenszel log-rank test were used to compare survival among groups. Cox regression univariable and multivariable models were used to correlate patient- and treatment-related variables to outcomes. RESULTS: Eighty patients with RCC and BM treated with I + N were identified. Patients were predominantly male and Caucasian presenting primarily with IMDC intermediate or poor-risk clear-cell RCC. Best response to I + N was progressive disease (46%), stable disease (28%), partial response (21%), and not evaluable (5%). Median PFS was 6.1 months (95% CI 3.8-8.9 months) with the majority of patients (65%) discontinuing I + N due to disease progression. Median OS was 25.6 months (95% CI 14.9-NA) with median follow-up of 25.2 months. A multivariable regression model for PFS showed several variables to be significantly associated with worse PFS including female gender [p = 0.02; hazard ratio (HR) 2.16; 95% CI 1.14-4.12], metastases to other sites (p = 0.006; HR 2.12; 95% CI 1.24-3.62) and presence of BM to ribs (p = 0.0007; HR 2.61; 95% CI 1.50-4.52). A multivariable Cox model of OS showed no prior radiation therapy to BM (p = 0.02; HR 2.17; 95% CI 1.13-4.17) and presence of liver metastases (p = 0.0006; HR 3.19; 95% CI 1.65-6.19) to be significantly associated with worse OS. CONCLUSION: RCC patients with ≥ 1 BM who received I + N therapy had a relatively low response rate, PFS, and OS. Strategies to improve outcomes in this subset of patients are needed.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Desai, K; Brown, L; Wei, W; Tucker, M; Kao, C; Kinsey, E; Rini, B; Beckermann, K; Zhang, T; Ornstein, MC

Published Date

  • September 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 16 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 633 - 642

PubMed ID

  • 34379283

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1776-260X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s11523-021-00832-3


  • eng

Conference Location

  • France