Hydrops fetalis-trends in associated diagnoses and mortality from 1997-2018.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

OBJECTIVES: To describe and evaluate trends in the etiology and mortality risk in neonates admitted for neonatal intensive care with hydrops fetalis. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review of de-identified patient data in the Pediatrix Clinical Data Warehouse from 1997 to 2018. RESULTS: We identified 2144 infants diagnosed with hydrops fetalis. The most common diagnoses were congenital heart disease (n = 325, 15.2%), genetic diagnoses (n = 269, 12.5%) and cardiac arrhythmia (n = 176, 8.2%). Of 2144 neonates, 988 (46%) survived to hospital discharge and 775 (36%) died prior to discharge. Mortality rate was highly variable across diagnoses, ranging from 90% in infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia to 0% in infants with atrial flutter. Over the study period, more infants were diagnosed with trisomies and fewer with twin-to-twin transfusion. Mortality decreased by 5% from 1997-2007 to 2008-2018. CONCLUSIONS: The risk of death among neonates with hydrops fetalis is highly dependent on the underlying cause, with increasing risk of mortality at lower gestational ages.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Tolia, VN; Hunter Clark, R; Perelmuter, B; Frankfurt, JA; Ahmad, KA; Abrams, ME; Cohen, JL; Clark, RH

Published Date

  • October 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 41 / 10

Start / End Page

  • 2537 - 2543

PubMed ID

  • 34385586

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1476-5543

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1038/s41372-021-01179-3

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States