MTORC1-dependent crinophagy regulates glucagon content in pancreatic α-cells.
Hormone synthesis and secretion is a highly regulated process governed by metabolic cues. Although peptide hormone action is largely governed by the rate of its synthesis and secretion by endocrine cells, and the levels of its receptors on the target cells, intracellular degradation of the hormone-containing secretory vesicles by lysosomes (crinophagy) adds an additional layer of regulation. In our recent study, we uncovered the regulatory mechanism governing the crinophagic turnover of GCG (glucagon), a glycoprotein hormone secreted by pancreatic α-cells. Our results showed that inhibition of MTORC1 induces crinophagy-mediated degradation of glucagon and decreases its secretion in response to hypoglycemia. Furthermore, we demonstrated that crinophagy-regulated glucagon turnover does not involve macroautophagy. These results suggest that modulation of crinophagy may serve as a novel therapeutic strategy to regulate hormone secretion in endocrine and metabolic pathologies.
Rajak, S; Yen, PM; Sinha, RA
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