Assessing the Influence of Failed Implant Reconstruction on Patient Satisfaction and Decision Regret after Salvage Free-Flap Breast Reconstruction.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND:  Free-flap breast reconstruction after failed implant reconstruction is associated with improved patient outcomes. How the level of satisfaction achieved compares between patients with and without previously failed implant reconstruction remains unknown. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of prior failed implant-based reconstruction on long-term patient-reported outcomes after free-flap breast reconstruction. METHODS:  All patients undergoing free-flap breast reconstruction between 2015 and 2019 were identified. Patient satisfaction using the BREAST-Q and decisional regret using the Decision Regret Scale were compared between patients with and without a history of implant breast reconstruction. RESULTS:  Overall, 207 patients were contacted and 131 completed the BREAST-Q and Decision Regret Scale. A total of 23 patients had a history of failed implant-based reconstruction requiring free-flap-flap salvage, most commonly due to infection (39.1%), chronic pain (34.8%), capsular contracture (26%), and implant malposition (26.1%). Following definitive free-flap reconstruction, patients with prior failed implant reconstruction had significantly lower BREAST-Q scores for satisfaction with breast (61.2 ± 16.7 vs. 70.4 ± 18.7; p = 0.04) and sexual well-being (38.5 ± 18.2 vs. 52.8 ± 24.7; p = 0.01) and reported higher decision regret (19.1 ± 18.6 vs. 9.6 ± 15.6, respectively). There were no significant differences for psychosocial well-being (p = 0.67), physical well-being (chest; p = 0.27), and physical well-being (abdomen; p = 0.91). CONCLUSION:  A history of failed implant-based reconstruction is associated with reduced satisfaction and increased decision regret with the final reconstructive outcome. This data underscores the importance of appropriate patient selection at the initial consultation, and informed preoperative counseling regarding long-term outcomes in patients presenting for free-flap reconstruction after a failed implant-based reconstruction.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Shammas, RL; Sergesketter, AR; Taskindoust, M; Biswas, S; Hollenbeck, ST; Phillips, BT

Published Date

  • July 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 38 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 441 - 450

PubMed ID

  • 34425595

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1098-8947

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1055/s-0041-1735224

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States