Health-related quality of life in Chinese workers: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
(Journal Article;Review;Systematic Review)
BACKGROUND: Studies of health-related quality of life among workers have generated varying results. The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review to synthesize the scores of health-related quality of life measured by the World Health Organization Quality of Life questionnaire among Chinese workers and compare the results across gender, age, occupation and region. METHODS: Six databases including China National Knowledge Infrastructure, WanFang Data, China Science and Technology Journal Database, PubMed, Web of science and Scopus were searched for relevant publications in both English and Chinese from their inception to February 2021. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were established, and study and participant characters as well as health-related quality of life scores were extracted from included publications. Study quality was assessed by using the Crombie tool. The meta-analysis including individual publications used random-effects models. Subgroups analyses by gender, age, occupation and region were also conducted to explore the source of heterogeneity. RESULTS: One hundred thirty-nine out of 1437 potential publications were included. The pooled mean scores of health-related quality of life were 14.1 for the physical domain (95%CI: 13.9-14.3), 13.7 for the psychological domain (95%CI: 13.5-13.8), 14.0 for the social relationship domain (95%CI: 13.8-14.2), 12.3 for the environment domain (95%CI: 12.1-12.5). No significant statistical difference was found between the different subgroups. Publication bias was present in the independence domain and the pooled scores were corrected to 15.0 (95%CI: 14.6-15.5) using the trim and fill method. Sensitivity analysis suggested that the results of the meta-analysis were stable. Region might be a source of heterogeneity. Workers in northeast China reported higher scores in the social relationship domain, and those in the central region reported lower scores in the environmental domain. CONCLUSIONS: Chinese workers reported lower scores in four health-related quality of life domains than the general population. Region might be a potential influencing factor for workers' scores different, which needs further study. The pooled scores can served as benchmarks for workplace health promotion programes in Chinese workers and global occupational health studies.
Su, Y; Liu, M-S; De Silva, PV; Østbye, T; Jin, K-Z
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