A plant lipocalin promotes retinal-mediated oscillatory lateral root initiation.
, de novo organogenesis of lateral roots is patterned by an oscillatory mechanism called the root clock, which is dependent on unidentified metabolites. To determine whether retinoids regulate the root clock, we used a chemical reporter for retinaldehyde (retinal)–binding proteins. We found that retinal binding precedes the root clock and predicts sites of lateral root organogenesis. Application of retinal increased root clock oscillations and promoted lateral root formation. Expression of an Arabidopsis
protein with homology to vertebrate retinoid-binding proteins, TEMPERATURE INDUCED LIPOCALIN (TIL), oscillates in the region of retinal binding to the reporter, confers retinal-binding activity in a heterologous system, and, when mutated, decreases retinal sensitivity. These results demonstrate a role for retinal and its binding partner in lateral root organogenesis.
Dickinson, AJ; Zhang, J; Luciano, M; Wachsman, G; Sandoval, E; Schnermann, M; Dinneny, JR; Benfey, PN
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