Non-English Primary Language Is Associated with Short-Term Outcomes After Supratentorial Tumor Resection.
BACKGROUND: Despite research indicating that patients with non-English primary language (NEPL) have increased hospital length of stay (LOS) for craniotomies, there is a paucity of neurosurgical research examining the impact of language on short-term outcomes. This study sought to evaluate short-term outcomes for patients with English primary language (EPL) and NEPL admitted for resection of a supratentorial tumor. METHODS: Using the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project New Jersey State Inpatient Database, this study included patients 18-90 years old who underwent resection of a supratentorial primary brain tumor, meningioma, or brain metastasis from 2009 to 2017. The primary outcomes were total, preoperative, and postoperative LOS. Secondary outcomes were complications, mortality, and discharge disposition. Univariable and multivariable analyses compared Spanish primary language (SPL), non-English non-Spanish (NENS) primary language, and EPL groups. RESULTS: A total of 7324 patients were included: 2962 with primary brain tumor, 2091 with meningioma, and 2271 with brain metastasis. Patients with SPL (n = 297) were younger and more likely to have noncommercial insurance, lower income, and fewer comorbidities. Patients with NENS (n = 257) had similar age and comorbidities to the EPL group but had a greater proportion of noncommercially insured and low-income patients (P < 0.001). Multivariable analysis showed that patients with NENS had increased postoperative LOS (adjusted incidence rate ratio, 1.10; P = 0.008) and higher odds of a complication (adjusted odds ratio, 1.36; P = 0.015), and patients with SPL had higher odds of being discharged home (adjusted odds ratio, 1.55; P = 0.017). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with NEPL have different short-term outcomes after supratentorial tumor resection that varies based on primary language. More research is needed to understand the mechanisms driving these findings and to clarify unique experiences for different populations with NEPL.
Witt, EE; Eruchalu, CN; Dey, T; Bates, DW; Goodwin, CR; Ortega, G
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