Peripartum Cardiomyopathy.

Journal Article (Review;Journal Article)

Importance

Peripartum cardiomyopathy is a rare form of heart failure due to left ventricular systolic dysfunction that affects women late in pregnancy and the postpartum period. A diagnosis of exclusion, peripartum cardiomyopathy can be difficult to diagnose in the context of the normal physiologic changes of pregnancy and requires a high index of suspicion.

Evidence acquisition

Original research articles, review articles, and guidelines on peripartum cardiomyopathy were reviewed.

Results

The etiology of peripartum cardiomyopathy remains poorly defined, but theories include genetic predisposition, as well as myocardial inflammation and angiogenic dysregulation. Risk factors for this condition include hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, Black race, and maternal age older than 30 years. Patients with peripartum cardiomyopathy are at increased risk of acute clinical decompensation, cardiac arrhythmias, thromboembolic complications, and death. Primary treatment modalities include initiation of a medication regimen aimed at the optimization of preload and reduction of afterload. Maternal clinical status is the primary determinant for timing of delivery.

Conclusions

Prompt diagnosis and medical management by an interdisciplinary care team are vital for improving outcomes in patients with peripartum cardiomyopathy.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Farrell, AS; Kuller, JA; Goldstein, SA; Dotters-Katz, SK

Published Date

  • August 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 76 / 8

Start / End Page

  • 485 - 492

PubMed ID

  • 34449851

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1533-9866

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0029-7828

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1097/ogx.0000000000000903

Language

  • eng