Transfer learning for fluence map prediction in adrenal stereotactic body radiation therapy.

Conference Paper

Objective:To design a deep transfer learning framework for modeling fluence map predictions for stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) of adrenal cancer and similar sites that usually have a small number of cases.Approach:We developed a transfer learning framework for adrenal SBRT planning that leverages knowledge in a pancreas SBRT planning model. Treatment plans from the two sites had different dose prescriptions and beam settings but both prioritized gastrointestinal sparing. A base framework was first trained with 100 pancreas cases. This framework consists of two convolutional neural networks (CNN), which predict individual beam doses (BD-CNN) and fluence maps (FM-CNN) sequentially for 9-beam intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) plans. Forty-five adrenal plans were split into training/validation/test sets with the ratio of 20/10/15. The base BD-CNN was re-trained with transfer learning using 5/10/15/20 adrenal training cases to produce multiple candidate adrenal BD-CNN models. The base FM-CNN was directly used for adrenal cases. The deep learning (DL) plans were evaluated by several clinically relevant dosimetric endpoints, producing a percentage score relative to the clinical plans.Main results:Transfer learning significantly reduced the number of training cases and training time needed to train such a DL framework. The adrenal transfer learning model trained with 5/10/15/20 cases achieved validation plan scores of 85.4/91.2/90.7/89.4, suggesting that model performance saturated with 10 training cases. Meanwhile, a model using all 20 adrenal training cases without transfer learning only scored 80.5. For the final test set, the 5/10/15/20-case models achieved scores of 73.5/75.3/78.9/83.3.Significance:It is feasible to use deep transfer learning to train an IMRT fluence prediction framework. This technique could adapt to different dose prescriptions and beam configurations. This framework potentially enables DL modeling for clinical sites that have a limited dataset, either due to few cases or due to rapid technology evolution.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Wang, W; Sheng, Y; Palta, M; Czito, B; Willett, C; Yin, F-F; Wu, Q; Ge, Y; Wu, QJ

Published Date

  • December 6, 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 66 / 24

PubMed ID

  • 34808605

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC8713299

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1361-6560

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1088/1361-6560/ac3c14

Conference Location

  • England