Effects of North Carolina's Pre-Kindergarten Program at the End of Kindergarten: Contributions of School-Wide Quality.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

The positive effects of pre-kindergarten (pre-K) programming may be enhanced in later grades for children who subsequently experience high-quality educational environments in elementary school. The current study tested this hypothesis in relation to the effects of North Carolina's NC Pre-K program on child outcomes at the end of kindergarten, including language, literacy, mathematics, and working memory. Measures of elementary school quality were examined as moderators of the NC Pre-K effects, including school-wide academic proficiency and school-wide growth in academic achievement. We found no reliable effects of NC Pre-K participation for children attending elementary schools with average levels of quality. However, the positive effects of NC Pre-K participation on language and working memory skills were evident for children attending elementary schools with higher levels of academic proficiency and academic growth, respectively. No evidence of moderation was found in relation to literacy and mathematics skills.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Carr, RC; Peisner-Feinberg, ES; Kaplan, R; Mokrova, IL

Published Date

  • July 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 76 /

Start / End Page

  • 101317 -

PubMed ID

  • 34764526

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC8577519

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0193-3973

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.appdev.2021.101317


  • eng