Measurements of the inclusive and differential production cross sections of a top-quark–antiquark pair in association with a Z boson at √s=13 TeV with the ATLAS detector
Measurements of both the inclusive and differential production cross sections of a top-quark–antiquark pair in association with a Z boson (tt¯ Z) are presented. The measurements are performed by targeting final states with three or four isolated leptons (electrons or muons) and are based on s=13 TeV proton–proton collision data with an integrated luminosity of 139 fb - 1, recorded from 2015 to 2018 with the ATLAS detector at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. The inclusive cross section is measured to be σtt¯Z= 0.99 ± 0.05 (stat.) ±0.08 (syst.) pb, in agreement with the most precise theoretical predictions. The differential measurements are presented as a function of a number of kinematic variables which probe the kinematics of the tt¯ Z system. Both absolute and normalised differential cross-section measurements are performed at particle and parton levels for specific fiducial volumes and are compared with theoretical predictions at different levels of precision, based on a χ2/ ndf and p value computation. Overall, good agreement is observed between the unfolded data and the predictions.
Aad, G; Abbott, B; Abbott, DC; Abud, AA; Abeling, K; Abhayasinghe, DK; Abidi, SH; AbouZeid, OS; Abraham, NL; Abramowicz, H; Abreu, H; Abulaiti, Y; Acharya, BS; Achkar, B; Adam, L; Bourdarios, CA; Adamczyk, L; Adamek, L; Adelman, J; Adiguzel, A; Adorni, S; Adye, T; Affolder, AA; Afik, Y; Agapopoulou, C; Agaras, MN; Aggarwal, A; Agheorghiesei, C; Aguilar-Saavedra, JA; Ahmad, A; Ahmadov, F; Ahmed, WS; Ai, X; Aielli, G; Akatsuka, S; Akbiyik, M; Åkesson, TPA; Akilli, E; Akimov, AV; Khoury, KA; Alberghi, GL; Albert, J; Verzini, MJA; Alderweireldt, S; Aleksa, M; Aleksandrov, IN; Alexa, C; Alexopoulos, T; Alfonsi, A; Alfonsi, F; Alhroob, M; Ali, B; Ali, S; Aliev, M; Alimonti, G; Allaire, C; Allbrooke, BMM; Allen, BW; Allport, PP; Aloisio, A; Alonso, F; Alpigiani, C; Camelia, EA; Estevez, MA; Alviggi, MG; Coutinho, YA; Ambler, A; Ambroz, L; Amelung, C; Amidei, D; Santos, SPAD; Amoroso, S; Amrouche, CS; An, F; Anastopoulos, C; Andari, N; Andeen, T; Anders, JK; Andrean, SY; Andreazza, A; Andrei, V; Anelli, CR; Angelidakis, S; Angerami, A; Anisenkov, AV; Annovi, A; Antel, C; Anthony, MT; Antipov, E; Antonelli, M; Antrim, DJA; Anulli, F; Aoki, M; Pozo, JAA; Aparo, MA; Bella, LA; Aranzabal, N; Ferraz, VA; Pereira, RA; Arcangeletti, C
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