Protocols for multi-site trials using hyperpolarized 129 Xe MRI for imaging of ventilation, alveolar-airspace size, and gas exchange: A position paper from the 129 Xe MRI clinical trials consortium.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Hyperpolarized (HP) 129 Xe MRI uniquely images pulmonary ventilation, gas exchange, and terminal airway morphology rapidly and safely, providing novel information not possible using conventional imaging modalities or pulmonary function tests. As such, there is mounting interest in expanding the use of biomarkers derived from HP 129 Xe MRI as outcome measures in multi-site clinical trials across a range of pulmonary disorders. Until recently, HP 129 Xe MRI techniques have been developed largely independently at a limited number of academic centers, without harmonizing acquisition strategies. To promote uniformity and adoption of HP 129 Xe MRI more widely in translational research, multi-site trials, and ultimately clinical practice, this position paper from the 129 Xe MRI Clinical Trials Consortium ( recommends standard protocols to harmonize methods for image acquisition in HP 129 Xe MRI. Recommendations are described for the most common HP gas MRI techniques-calibration, ventilation, alveolar-airspace size, and gas exchange-across MRI scanner manufacturers most used for this application. Moreover, recommendations are described for 129 Xe dose volumes and breath-hold standardization to further foster consistency of imaging studies. The intention is that sites with HP 129 Xe MRI capabilities can readily implement these methods to obtain consistent high-quality images that provide regional insight into lung structure and function. While this document represents consensus at a snapshot in time, a roadmap for technical developments is provided that will further increase image quality and efficiency. These standardized dosing and imaging protocols will facilitate the wider adoption of HP 129 Xe MRI for multi-site pulmonary research.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Niedbalski, PJ; Hall, CS; Castro, M; Eddy, RL; Rayment, JH; Svenningsen, S; Parraga, G; Zanette, B; Santyr, GE; Thomen, RP; Stewart, NJ; Collier, GJ; Chan, H-F; Wild, JM; Fain, SB; Miller, GW; Mata, JF; Mugler, JP; Driehuys, B; Willmering, MM; Cleveland, ZI; Woods, JC

Published Date

  • December 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 86 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 2966 - 2986

PubMed ID

  • 34478584

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1522-2594

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/mrm.28985


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States