A Novel Weave Tether Technique for Proximal Junctional Kyphosis Prevention in 71 Adult Spinal Deformity Patients: A Preliminary Case Series Assessing Early Complications and Efficacy.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: Proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) rates may be as high as 69.4% after adult spinal deformity (ASD) surgery. PJK is one of the greatest unsolved challenges in long-segment fusions for ASD and remains a common indication for costly and impactful revision surgery. Junctional tethers may help to reduce the occurrence of PJK by attenuating adjacent-segment stress. OBJECTIVE: To report our experience and assess early safety associated with a novel "weave-tether technique" (WTT) for PJK prophylaxis in a large series of patients. METHODS: This single-center retrospective study evaluated consecutive patients who underwent ASD surgery including WTT between 2017 and 2018. Patient demographics, operative details, standard radiographic measurements, and complications were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 71 patients (mean age 66 ± 12 yr, 65% women) were identified. WTT included application to the upper-most instrumented vertebrae (UIV) + 1 and UIV + 2 in 38(53.5%) and 33(46.5%) patients, respectively. No complications directly attributed to WTT usage were identified. For patients with radiographic follow-up (96%; mean duration 14 ± 12 mo), PJK occurred in 15% (mean 1.8 ± 1.0 mo postoperatively). Proximal junctional angle increased an average 4° (10° to 14°, P = .004). Rates of symptomatic PJK and revision for PJK were 8.8% and 2.9%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Preliminary results support the safety of the WTT for PJK prophylaxis. Approximately 15% of patients developed radiographic PJK, no complications were directly attributed to WTT usage, and the revision rate for PJK was low. These early results warrant future research to assess longer-term efficacy of the WTT for PJK prophylaxis in ASD surgery.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Rabinovich, EP; Buell, TJ; Sardi, JP; Lazaro, BCR; Shaffrey, CI; Smith, JS

Published Date

  • November 15, 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 21 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 393 - 399

PubMed ID

  • 34467979

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2332-4260

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1093/ons/opab305


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States