Genetic approaches to access cell types in mammalian nervous systems.

Journal Article (Journal Article;Review)

Understanding brain circuit organization and function requires systematic dissection of its cellular components. With vast cell number and diversity, mammalian nervous systems present a daunting challenge for achieving specific and comprehensive cell type access-prerequisite to circuit analysis. Genetic approaches in the mouse have relied on germline engineering to access marker-defined cell populations. Combinatorial strategies that engage marker intersection, anatomy and projection pattern (e.g. antero-grade and retro-grade viral vectors), and developmental lineage substantially increase the specificity of cell type targeting. While increasing number of mouse cell types are becoming experimentally accessible, comprehensive coverage requires larger coordinated efforts with strategic infrastructural and fiscal planning. CRISPR-based genome editing may enable cell type access in other species, but issues of time, cost and ethics remain, especially for primates. Novel approaches that bypass the germline, such as somatic cell engineering and cell surface-based gene delivery, may reduce the barrier of genetic access to mammalian cell types.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • He, M; Huang, ZJ

Published Date

  • June 2018

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 50 /

Start / End Page

  • 109 - 118

PubMed ID

  • 29471215

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC5984678

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1873-6882

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.conb.2018.02.003

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • England