Fluorine-18 Labeling of the MDM2 Inhibitor RG7388 for PET Imaging: Chemistry and Preliminary Evaluation.
RG7388 (Idasanutlin) is a potent inhibitor of oncoprotein murine double minute 2 (MDM2). Herein we investigated the feasibility of developing 18F-labeled RG7388 as a radiotracer for imaging MDM2 expression in tumors with positron emission tomography (PET). Two fluorinated analogues of RG7388, 6 and 7, were synthesized by attaching a fluoronicotinyl moiety to RG7388 via a polyethylene glycol (PEG3) or a propyl linker. The inhibitory potency (IC50) of 6 and 7 against MDM2 was determined by a fluorescence polarization (FP)-based assay. Next, compound 6 was labeled with 18F using a trimethylammonium triflate precursor to obtain [18F]FN-PEG3-RG7388 ([18F]6), and its properties were evaluated in MDM2 expressing wild-type p53 tumor cell lines (SJSA-1 and HepG2) in vitro and in tumor xenografts in vivo. The FP assays revealed an IC50 against MDM2 of 119 nM and 160 nM for 6 and 7, respectively. 18F-labeling of 6 was achieved in 50.3 ± 7.5% radiochemical yield. [18F]6 exhibited a high uptake (∼70% of input dose) and specificity in SJSA-1 and HepG2 cell lines. Saturation binding assays revealed a binding affinity (Kd) of 128 nM for [18F]6 on SJSA-1 cells. In mice, [18F]6 showed fast clearance from blood with a maximum tumor uptake of 3.80 ± 0.85% injected dose per gram (ID/g) in HepG2 xenografts at 30 min postinjection (p.i.) and 1.32 ± 0.32% ID/g in SJSA-1 xenografts at 1 h p.i. Specificity of [18F]6 uptake in tumors was demonstrated by pretreatment of mice with SJSA-xenografts with a blocking dose of RG7388 (35 mg/kg body weight, i.p.). In vivo stability studies in mice using HPLC showed ∼60% and ∼30% intact [18F]6 remaining in plasma at 30 min and 1 h p.i., respectively, with the remaining activity attributed to polar peaks. Our results suggest that RG7388 is a promising molecular scaffold for 18F-labeled probe development for MDM2. Additional labeling strategies and functionalizing locations on RG7388 are under development to improve binding affinity and in vivo stability of the 18F-labeled compound to make it more amenable for PET imaging of MDM2 in vivo.
Zhou, Z; Zalutsky, MR; Chitneni, SK
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