Disruption of origin chromatin structure by helicase activation in the absence of DNA replication.
Prior to initiation of DNA replication, the eukaryotic helicase, Mcm2-7, must be activated to unwind DNA at replication start sites in early S phase. To study helicase activation within origin chromatin, we constructed a conditional mutant of the polymerase α subunit Cdc17 (or Pol1) to prevent priming and block replication. Recovery of these cells at permissive conditions resulted in the generation of unreplicated gaps at origins, likely due to helicase activation prior to replication initiation. We used micrococcal nuclease (MNase)-based chromatin occupancy profiling under restrictive conditions to study chromatin dynamics associated with helicase activation. Helicase activation in the absence of DNA replication resulted in the disruption and disorganization of chromatin, which extends up to 1 kb from early, efficient replication origins. The CMG holohelicase complex also moves the same distance out from the origin, producing single-stranded DNA that activates the intra-S-phase checkpoint. Loss of the checkpoint did not regulate the progression and stalling of the CMG complex but rather resulted in the disruption of chromatin at both early and late origins. Finally, we found that the local sequence context regulates helicase progression in the absence of DNA replication, suggesting that the helicase is intrinsically less processive when uncoupled from replication.
Hoffman, RA; MacAlpine, HK; MacAlpine, DM
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Pubmed Central ID
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)