Effects of Tirzepatide, a Dual GIP and GLP-1 RA, on Lipid and Metabolite Profiles in Subjects With Type 2 Diabetes.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

CONTEXT: Tirzepatide substantially reduced hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and body weight in subjects with type 2 diabetes (T2D) compared with the glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonist dulaglutide. Improved glycemic control was associated with lower circulating triglycerides and lipoprotein markers and improved markers of beta-cell function and insulin resistance (IR), effects only partially attributable to weight loss. OBJECTIVE: Assess plasma metabolome changes mediated by tirzepatide. DESIGN: Phase 2b trial participants were randomly assigned to receive weekly subcutaneous tirzepatide, dulaglutide, or placebo for 26 weeks. Post hoc exploratory metabolomics and lipidomics analyses were performed. SETTING: Post hoc analysis. PARTICIPANTS: 259 subjects with T2D. INTERVENTION(S): Tirzepatide (1, 5, 10, 15 mg), dulaglutide (1.5 mg), or placebo. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Changes in metabolite levels in response to tirzepatide were assessed against baseline levels, dulaglutide, and placebo using multiplicity correction. RESULTS: At 26 weeks, a higher dose tirzepatide modulated a cluster of metabolites and lipids associated with IR, obesity, and future T2D risk. Branched-chain amino acids, direct catabolic products glutamate, 3-hydroxyisobutyrate, branched-chain ketoacids, and indirect byproducts such as 2-hydroxybutyrate decreased compared to baseline and placebo. Changes were significantly larger with tirzepatide compared with dulaglutide and directly proportional to reductions of HbA1c, homeostatic model assessment 2-IR indices, and proinsulin levels. Proportional to metabolite changes, triglycerides and diglycerides were lowered significantly compared to baseline, dulaglutide, and placebo, with a bias toward shorter and highly saturated species. CONCLUSIONS: Tirzepatide reduces body weight and improves glycemic control and uniquely modulates metabolites associated with T2D risk and metabolic dysregulation in a direction consistent with improved metabolic health.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Pirro, V; Roth, KD; Lin, Y; Willency, JA; Milligan, PL; Wilson, JM; Ruotolo, G; Haupt, A; Newgard, CB; Duffin, KL

Published Date

  • January 18, 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 107 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 363 - 378

PubMed ID

  • 34608929

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1945-7197

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1210/clinem/dgab722


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States